Ross Anderson, B.A., M.B.S., Ph.D. , gave a presentation titled, "EARLY DELVELOPMENT OF THE FRUIT FLY: Evidence of Design and Forethought."
Summary: When one looks around at all the man-made objects, one knows, almost instinctively, that they are designed. All such objects originate in the mind of someone, then eventually make it to market. All the objects are designed with a purpose in mind and are built according to the specifications of the designer to carry out the purpose.
When we view nature and the many living creatures, great and small, we are constantly told that they are the result of random chance events taking place over large spans of time; there is nothing about them that suggests purposeful design. However, when we look at the very early stages, even before fertilization, of a creature that seems so small and insignificant as a fruit fly, we see clear evidence of purposeful design and forethought. If we can clearly see this in a fruit fly, then we can have greater confidence that we, as humans, are purposefully designed and the evidences are clearly seen by any one who has an open, objective mind.
Jim Pamplin comments: In multi-cellular organisms, like fruit flies and humans, every cell contains the same DNA, yet, during development from fertilized ovum to maturity, cells differentiate into many different kinds, (muscle cells, nerve cells, blood cells and blood vessel cells, etc.). Somehow, each cell becomes informed of its position in the body plan/life plan, in terms of both physical location and time, and develops accordingly. Though all cells share the same DNA, which portions of the DNA are activated and when and to what degree they are activated is controlled by "epigenetic" gene regulators.
Dr. Anderson's presentation showed how, beginning in a fruit fly's egg chamber, regions at each end of the chamber produce different chemical signalling factors. Say, for example, cells at the north end of an egg chamber produce signalling factor A, while cells at the south end produce signalling factor B. The concentration of A will weaken with distance from the cells that produce Factor A at the north end of the egg chamber; likewise, the concentration of B weakens with distance from the south end of the egg chamber. By sensing the ratio of A/B concentrations, first the egg, then later new cells in a growing zygote "know" where they are between the north and south ends of the egg chamber. While all cells have the same DNA, each cell receives different data via differing chemical concentration ratios. Software coded in the DNA accepts the data and processes its pre-programmed instructions accordingly, throttling up some genes and their gene products and throttling down others, differentiating the structure and chemical activity of the cell.
Alas, besides Factors A and B from the north and south ends of the egg chamber, there are also signalling factors emanating from the top and bottom and from the right and left sides of the egg chamber. Concentration gradient ratios from all these factors (and many others) divide the space inside the egg chamber into a complex combinatoric matrix. Every location inside that space receives location-specific data, which regulate gene expression inside the cells that come to occupy that location.
But wait, there's more! Cells within the differentiating embryo also produce signalling factors. So, once the fertilized egg is expelled from the egg chamber, it continues to develop and differentiate according to God's exquisitely designed body plan/life plan software.
About our speaker: Dr. Anderson’s expertise is in the area of biochemistry and molecular biology. He has taught Biochemistry and helped to direct research projects of graduate and medical students at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Dr. Anderson was a post-doctoral researcher in the Molecular Genetics Division of the Department of Ophthalmology at the Houston Neurosensory Center.
Dr. Anderson was a member of both the undergraduate and graduate faculty at Lamar University, Beaumont, TX. There he taught and directed the research activities of undergraduates and Masters of Science degree candidates in Biology.
Dr. Anderson’s research interests include structure-function studies of DNA polymerizing enzymes and the synthesis and expression of synthetic human genes in bacterial hosts. He has authored or co-authored several publications in major, peer-reviewed journals. He is a member of the American Chemical Society and Sigma Xi Research Society. Dr. Anderson was recently inducted into Logos Research Associates as a research scientist. Logos Research Associates is a fellowship of scientists and scholars, dedicated to the proposition that good science affirms Scripture.
Jim Solliday, President of the Microscopical Society of Southern California and 2019 recipient of the State Microscopical Society of Illinois (SMSI) August Köhler Award, the highest award in microscopy, produced strong photomicrographic evidence that dinosaurs lived in the recent past, not tens of millions of years ago.
James Solliday is recognized for his numerous contributions to light microscopy and active participation in microscopical societies. He was a principal founder of the Microscopical Society of Southern California (MSSC) in 1996 and is currently the MSSC president, a chair he has held every year since 2002. He is also a long-time contributor to the Los Angeles Microscopical Society, and a member of the American Circuit of the Postal Microscopical Society, Quekett Microscopical Club, and the International Society for Diatom Research. Mr. Solliday has taught workshops on diatoms, illumination methods, staining, photomicrography, microscope maintenance, and the history and identification of antique microscopes. He has published dozens of microscopy articles, including contributions to the MSSC, San Francisco Microscopical Society, Los Angeles Microscopical Society, and The Quekett Journal of Microscopy. For 35 years, Mr. Solliday has operated his own business, Educational Photo Lab, which specializes in photomicrography and has produced photomicrographs for Hollywood movies, documentaries, litigation exhibits, contamination analysis, authors, Ph.D. students, and publishers, with more than 450 microscope images published in textbooks. He was instrumental in obtaining and donating surplus microscopes to area schools. Beyond the micro world, he served for 31 years as a professional firefighter and medical technician for the city of Costa Mesa, CA.
Dr. Joseph Kezele, M.D., gave a presentation titled, "HEALING." Teaching points included:
2.Soft tissue healing
6.Programmed cell death
7.Spiritual death and healing
About our speaker: Joseph Kezele studied the sciences and music at the University of Arizona, while earning his B.A. in Russian in 1971, and his M.D. in 1975. He then completed a Pediatric Residency and practiced Emergency Medicine for 25 years in the Phoenix area, and was a diplomate of the American Board of Emergency Medicine and fellow of the American College of Emergency Physicians. He is now retired from the practice of medicine, serves as President of the Arizona Origin Science Association, is Adjunct Professor at Arizona Christian University in Phoenix, teaching Human Genetics, Cell and Molecular Biology, Pathophysiology, Organic Chemistry and Creation Science Apologetics. Dr, Kezele has also been named a Logos Research Associate. He serves as Chairman of Deacons and teaches Creation Science Evangelism at Black Mountain Baptist Church in Cave Creek, Arizona. He has participated in over 21 foreign mission trips, teaching medicine, standard evangelism and creation science evangelism in India, Zambia, Mexico, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, the Ukraine, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Armenia. Dr. Kezele is one of the principle presenters in the Institute for Creation Research’s 4 DVD series Made in His Image. Last year, he returned to the Ukraine for three intense weeks of teaching Creation Science Apologetics and Evangelism as part of the activities prompted by the proclamation of the President of the Ukraine recognizing the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther's sparking the Reformation in Germany. When he spoke to us August 3, Dr. Kezele and his wife, Patty, had just returned from a very busy speaking tour/vacation, which included, Russia, the Ukraine, Holland, and Iceland.